ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IMO STATE

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the relationship between organisational climate and teaching effectiveness in public secondary Schools in Imo State. The organisational climate indices of interest were openness of the school climate, institutional integrity, principal’s influence, initiating structure, consideration behaviour, resource support, morale of teachers and academic emphasis. Eight specific objectives, research questions and null hypotheses were respectively formulated to guide and direct the study. Review of literature was done under two broad headings: (theoretical and  Conceptual/empirical Frameworks). The ex-post factor correlational design was employed for the study. The population comprised all teachers totaling 5,047 and Principals totaling 320 for 2013/2014 school year. Cluster and random sampling techniques were used in selecting 505 teachers and 231 principals as sample for the study. Two duly validated instruments with reliability coefficient of 0.91 and 0.61 for  Organisational Climate Questionnaire (OCQ) and Teaching Effectiveness Questionnaire (TEQ) which were used to gather information. The R values of the simple linear regression were used to answer research questions and  R2 for hypotheses, which were analyzed using F-value from the simple linear regression and tested at .05 alpha level of significance. The findings revealed there is weak positive but significant relationship between organisational climate and teaching effectiveness. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between organisational climate and teaching effectiveness in public secondary schools in Imo State. Among the recommendations made was that stakeholders and Government must ensure that adequate learning facilities and leadership are in place for effective teaching in the schools.

TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER                                        TITLE                                                                 PAGE 
Cover page    –           –           –           –           –           i
Title page      –           –           –           –           –           ii
Declaration    –           –           –           –           –           iii
Certification             –           –           –           –           iv
Dedication     –           –           –           –           –           v
Acknowledgements             –           –           –           vi
Abstract         –           –           –           –           –           viii
Table of Contents     –           –           –           –           ix
List of Tables            –           –           –           –           xiii
List of Figures          –           –           –           –           xv
List of Appendices  –           –           –           –           xvi
1.0       INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the Study         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           1
1.2       Statement of the Problem      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           13
1.3       Purpose of the Study   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           14
1.4       Significance of the Study        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           15
1.5       Research Questions    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           16
1.6       Research Hypotheses –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           18
1.7       Delimitation of the Study        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           19
1.8       limitations of the Study           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           20
1.9       Operational Definition of Terms        –           –           –           –           –           –           21
2.0       REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1       Theoretical Framework          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           24
2.1.1    Individual Effectiveness by Peter George Drucker (1954)     –           –           –           24
2.1.2    Social System Theory by Getzels and Guba (1957)    –           –           –           –           27
2.2       Conceptual Framework          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           33
2.2.1    The Concept of Organisational Climate         –           –           –           –           –           33
2.2.2    The Concept of Teaching Effectiveness          –           –           –           –           –           39
2.2.3    Openness of the School Climate and Teaching Effectiveness            –           –           51
2.2.4    Institutional Integrity and Teaching Effectiveness     –           –           –           –           56
2.2.5    Principals’ Influence and Teaching Effectiveness      –           –           –           –           60
2.2.6    Initiating Structure and Teaching Effectiveness         –           –           –           –           64
2.2.7    Consideration Behaviour and Teaching Effectiveness           –           –           –           66
2.2.8    Resource Support and Teaching Effectiveness           –           –           –           –           70
2.2.9    Morale of Teachers and Teaching Effectiveness       –           –           –           –           74
2.2.10 Academic Emphasis and Teaching Effectiveness        –           –           –           –           77
2.2.11   Summary of Review of Literature     –           –           –           –           –           –           80

3.0       RESEARCH METHODS

    1.       Area of the Study        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           82
    2.       Design of the Study     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           83
    3.       Population of the Study.          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           83
    4.       Sample and Sampling Technique       –           –           –           –           –           –           84
    5.       Instrumentation          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           85
    6.       Validation of the Instrument              –           –           –           –           –           –           86
    7.       Reliability of the Instrument.              –           –           –           –           –           –           86
    8.      Administration of the Instrument        –           –           –           –           –           ­-           87
    9.      Statistical Treatment of Data  –           –           –           –           –           –           –           88

4.0    DATA ANALYSIS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Answering the Research Questions    –           –           –           –           –           –           89
4.1.1    Research Question One          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           89
4.1.2    Research Question Two          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           90
4.1.3    Research Question Three       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           91
4.1.4    Research Question Four        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           92
4.1.5    Research Question Five          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           93
4.1.6    Research Question Six            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           94
4.1.7    Research Question Seven       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           95
4.1.8    Research Question Eight        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           96
4.2       Testing of Null Hypotheses –   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           97
4.2.1    Null Hypothesis One (Ho1)      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           97
4.2.2    Null Hypothesis Two (Ho2)      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           98
4.2.3    Null Hypothesis Three (Ho3)   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           99
4.2.4    Null Hypothesis Four (Ho4)      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           100
4.2.5    Null Hypothesis Five (Ho5) –    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           101
4.2.6    Null Hypothesis Six (Ho6)        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           102
4.2.7    Null Hypothesis Seven (Ho7)   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           103
4.2.8    Null Hypothesis Eight (Ho8)     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           104
4.3       Discussion of Findings –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           105
4.3.1    Openness of School Climate and Teaching Effectiveness      –           –           –           106
4.3.2    Institutional Integrity and Teaching Effectiveness     –           –           –           –           107
4.3.3    Principals’ Influence and Teaching Effectiveness      –           –           –           –           108
4.3.4    Initiating Structure (Concern for the system) and Teaching Effectiveness   –           110
4.3.5    Consideration Behaviour (Consideration for people) and Teaching Effectiveness   111
4.3.6    Resource Support and Teaching Effectiveness           –           –           –           –           112
4.3.7    Morale of Teachers and Teaching Effectiveness       –           –           –           –           114
4.3.8    Academic Emphasis and Teaching Effectiveness       –           –           –           –           115

5.0       SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Summary of the Study            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           117
5.2       Conclusion       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           119
5.3       Recommendations      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           120
5.4       Suggestions for Further Research      –           –           –           –           –           –           122
5.5       Contributions to Knowledge               –           –           –           –           –           –           123

REFERENCES   –           –           –           –                       –           –                       –           125
APPENDICES   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           135